After the U.S. hegemonic retreat: Russia's Foreign and Security Policy in the Middle East

  • Ariel González Levaggi Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina


In the last years, the Russian Federation has been in the global spotlight due to a series of assertive attitudes in his ‘near abroad’ and beyond. A central debate in the IR discipline and the regional studies on the Post-Soviet Space and the Middle East has been on the sources and nature of that ‘new’ regional and global policy. Russia used to have low profile in the Middle East during the Post-Cold War years, but the escalation in the Syria Civil War due to the imminent fall of the Al-Assad Regime provoked a critical juncture that pushed Russia to support military its ally. The article argues that Russia has recovered the great power status due to a military intervention in the Middle East which has been a spin-off of the U.S. hegemonic retreat after the failure of Iraq and the Obama’s decision not to act in Syria. At the same time, Russia also has operated with an acceptable degree of military efficacy on a regional order separate from its immediate zone of interest. The new involvement provides us a significant indicator of a status upgrade since the latent capabilities become actual with the projection of military strength overseas.

Biografia do Autor

Ariel González Levaggi, Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina

Ph.D. in International Relations and Political Science Koç University (Turkey). M.A. in Political Science and (FLACSO Buenos Aires). Assistant Professor, Political Science and International Relations Department of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina (UCA). Co-coordinator of the Eurasian Department, Institute of International Relations (IRI-UNLP). He was Visiting Researcher at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation and the Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio). Compilator of the collective work “Turkey-Latin American and the Caribbean: an emergent partnership” (Bahçe?ehir University, 2016). He is author of several articles on middle emerging powers in journals such as International Politics, Perceptions: Journal of International Affairs, Rising Powers Quarterly, Insight Turkey and Nueva Sociedad, among others.